Diamond is a semiconductor with extreme properties, such as high breakdown field, high saturation velocity, high carrier mobilities and the highest thermal conductivity of all materials. This makes diamond extreme in the group of wide-bandgap semiconductors, which includes e.g., silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN). Diamond electronic devices, such as power diodes and high-frequency field effect transistors, could in principle deliver outstanding performance due to diamond’s excellent intrinsic properties. Other applications where diamond is expected to excel include radiation detectors, neutron detectors, X-ray optics, biological applications, photoconductive switches, IR sensors etc.
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